Frequency of anxiety after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

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Onlinelibrary.wiley.com: 9/27/12 Negative psychological outcomes occur frequently after stroke; however, there is uncertainty regarding the occurrence of anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms after stroke. A systematic review of observational studies was conducted that assessed the frequency of anxiety in stroke patients using a diagnostic or screening tool. Read More

Cardiovascular disease risk in healthy children and its association with body mass index: systematic review and meta-analysis

Bmj.com: 9/25/12 To describe the association and its magnitude between body mass index category, sex, and cardiovascular disease risk parameters in school aged children in highly developed countries. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Quality of included studies assessed by an adapted version of the Cochrane Collaboration’s risk of bias assessment tool. Results of included studies in […]

Blood pressure changes in acute ischemic stroke and outcome with respect to stroke etiology

Neurology.org: 9/19/12 Previous research suggested that proper blood pressure (BP) management in acute stroke may need to take into account the underlying etiology. Methods: All patients with acute ischemic stroke registered in the ASTRAL registry between 2003 and 2009 were analyzed. Unfavorable outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale score >2. A local polynomial surface algorithm […]

Black Stroke Survivors Have Higher Blood Pressure, Increased Risk of Repeat Stroke

Explore.georgetown.edu: 8/16/12 Blacks who survived a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain had higher blood pressure than whites a year later, according to a study published today in the journal Stroke. The finding might help explain why blacks have a greater risk of suffering a second stroke than whites. The research, a part of […]

Vitamin Supplementation and Stroke Prevention

Stroke.ahajournals.org: 8/27/12 It is said that we are what we eat. It is advertised that vitamin supplements, of one kind or another, may invigorate us, our lives, and our health. Advertising has been so effective that in the year 2000, more than half of the adult population in the United States was taking dietary vitamin […]

Racial differences in albuminuria, kidney function, and risk of stroke

Neurology.org: September 19, 2012 The objective of this study was to examine the joint associations of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion with incident stroke in a large national cohort study. Methods: Associations of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) and eGFR with incident stroke were examined in 25,310 participants of the Reasons for […]

Emotional neglect in childhood and cerebral infarction in older age

Neurology.org: September 19, 2012 The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that a higher level of childhood adversity is associated with increased risk of cerebral infarction in old age. Methods: Older participants in a longitudinal clinical–pathologic study rated adverse childhood experiences (e.g., emotional neglect, parental intimidation and violence) on a previously established 16-item scale. […]

Association Between Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Disease Events

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Jama.jamanetwork.com: 9/12/12 Objective  To assess the role of omega-3 supplementation on major cardiovascular outcomes. Data Sources  MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through August 2012. Study Selection  Randomized clinical trials evaluating the effect of omega-3 on all-cause mortality, cardiac death, sudden death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Data […]

Heavy alcohol intake and intracerebral hemorrhage Characteristics and effect on outcome

Neurology.org: September 11, 2012 To identify associated factors and influence on long-term outcome of heavy alcohol intake in a large prospective cohort of consecutive patients with a spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: Between November 2004 and March 2009, we prospectively recruited 562 consecutive adults with a spontaneous ICH. We excluded patients without information on drinking habit (n […]

Lipid profiles and outcome in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis for cerebral ischemia

Neurology.org: September 11, 2012 To determine whether low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) but not high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride concentrations are associated with worse outcome in a large cohort of ischemic stroke patients treated with IV thrombolysis. Methods: Observational multicenter post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data in stroke thrombolysis registries. Because of collinearity between total […]

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